The Tae Kwon Do belt rank system was developed by the founder of ITF Tae Kwon Do General Choi Hong Hi. He wrote" The 24 patterns represent 24 hours, one day, or all my life."
In Taekwon-Do, character development, fortitude, tenacity, and technique are graded as well as individual capacity. The promotional scale is divided into nineteen ranks - 10 grades (Gups) and nine degrees (Dans). The former begins with 10th grade (Gup) the lowest and ends at the first grade. Degrees begin with the first degree (Dan) and end with the ultimate, ninth degree.
COLOR BELT RANKS
사주 앞차기 Saju Apchagi (16 movements) White Belt
사주 옆차기 Saju Yopchagi (16 movements) White Belt/Orange Stripe
사주 찌르기 Saju Jurigi (16 movements) Orange Belt
사주 옆막기 Saju Yop Makgi (16 movements) Orange Belt/Yellow Stripe
천지 Chon-Ji (19 movements) Yellow Belt
Chon- Ji means literally " the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
단군 Dan-Gun (21 movements) Yellow Belt/Green Stripe
Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C.
도산 Do-San (24 movements) Green Belt
Do-San is a pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-ho. The 24 movements represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering education in Korea and the Korean independence movement.
원효 Won-Hyo (28 movements) Green Belt/Blue Stripe
It is named after the noted monk Won-hyo who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD.
율곡 Yul-Gok (38 movements) Blue Belt
Yul-Gok is a pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38-degree latitude and the diagram of the pattern represents scholar.
중근 Joong-Gun (32 movements) Blue Belt/Red Stripe
Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hirobumi Itō, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung Prison in 1910.
퇴계 Toi-Gye (37 movements) Red Belt
Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16 century AD), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37-degree latitude, the diagram represents "scholar".
화랑 Hwa-Rang (29 movements) Red Belt/Black Stripe
Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.
충무 Choong-Moo (30 movements) Red Belt/Half Black (POOM)
Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun-sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor the present day submarine. The reason this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the King.
Building Confidence is only one of our goals here at United Taekwondo. The Belt rank system is a tremendous way for students to set and achieve their goals.MOre